Digital divide? Transatlantic defence cooperation on AI
›A consensus is emerging on both sides of the Atlantic that the adoption of AI in defence is a vital security interest.
›Cooperation with the US on the digital modernisation of defence remains a strategic necessity for Europe. Nevertheless, a mix of new and pre-existing dynamics in the relationship risks the emergence of a transatlantic digital divide.
›Transatlantic AI technology and investment gaps can spill into the defence sector and erode military interoperability and deterrence.
›The EU-NATO framework may also come under pressure in the coming years to manage transatlantic differences over AI and data governance as well as diverging perceptions of the threat posed by China.