The widespread use of “flags of convenience” by fishing vessels exacerbates the opacity of the fishing sector, hindering efforts to identify and sanction the ultimate beneficiaries of illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing activities, providing them with an easy escape route.
It is not the practice of registering foreign-owned vessels that is problematic per se. Rather, it is how FoCs facilitate secrecy in beneficial vessel ownership.
China’s official public statements on space warfare and space weapons have consistently adhered to the principle of the use of outer space for peaceful purposes and opposed to the weaponization of or an arms race in outer space.
However, since 2015, other official writings suggest China’s position on space warfare and space weapons has become more nuanced.